Planning Your Bathroom Renovation

When it comes to our homes, we want to ensure that they are comfortable, homely and above all, to our personal taste. As any homeowner is only too aware, with time we can become bored of our decor, causing the need for redecoration or in some cases, even a complete renovation.

One of the hardest and most time consuming rooms in which we can choose to renovate is our bathroom as we need to take into consideration the color scheme, decorating methods and furnishings. If we are unsure as to how to renovate our bathroom, it can sometimes take even longer to complete than necessary as we become unsure as to whether our choices will look effective once the room is finished.

One misconception many make when opting to renovate their bathroom is that they must renovate the whole room in order to get great results and a fresh, new look. In fact, you can opt to simply have surface alterations completed in your bathroom, assuming that the room possesses a strong framework allowing for a surface level covering or coating. This is not only an easy and simple form of bathroom renovation, but will also have an effective impact on the overall appearance of your bathroom once complete.

You could also choose to alter the layout of the bathroom slightly, in addition to the surface alterations. This is a great way in which to gain a completely new way of alignment within the room. If you discover that the base framework and building is weaker than it should be, then you could then consider a complete tear down and remodel of the bathroom for a room which is new and sturdier-thus safer. In order to complete your bathroom renovation safely, you must ensure that there are no rusting joists or window panes that are able to easily gather moisture which may cause incidents within the room at a later date. Should these problems be identified, you will require extensive repairs or a complete remodeling of your bathroom.

Bathroom renovations can typically involve a wide variety of work from plumbing to carpentry. Depending on what work your bathroom renovation will entail, you may need to hire the help of professionals to ensure that these are complemented to the highest standard possible. In some cases, some of the work will fall under typical DIY jobs but some will be so intricate that they cannot be safely completed unless done so by a professional. The costs of renovating your bathroom can be high, but these costs can be lowered by only opting to have the vital necessities renovated in the room. Choosing to use a contractor to complete a number of jobs within your bathroom may also save you money if they provide you with a discount for hiring a bulk of work to be completed.

When renovating your bathroom, it is also vital to ensure that the new, improved room will be safe and energy efficient. This can be ensured by using moisture resistant and non corrosive materials for all the wall and plumbing materials and analyze the current state of your windows and sealants. Rusting and problematic showers and tubs should also be removed during renovation, not just for a safety purpose, but also to help the aesthetics of the room once complete.

For many, the finishing touch to any bathroom is the flooring which they choose. It is often possible to install flooring ourselves which can cut down our costs, especially when our bathroom is quite small in scale. However, when it comes to installing new flooring in the entire bathroom it can be best to leave this to an expert-especially if you are not experienced in flooring installation. Smooth, durable tiles such as ceramic tiles are favored by many homeowners as they provide a stylish and clean look and are incredibly easy to clean and maintain compared to laminate flooring, although are higher in cost. Laminate flooring can also be very slippery when wet so for safety, tiling can be a safer option.

Renovating your entire bathroom can be incredibly easy once you are aware of the changes you need to make and how the work will be carried out i.e: will you use a contractor or will you complete some areas yourself? If in doubt in terms of the design you are looking for, research into new trends, visit the homes of friends or take on the service of an interior designer. Although renovating your bathroom can be costly, making rash choices during your renovation could not only make it more costly should you change the design at a future date, but may not provide you with the bathroom of your dreams.

Activity Internet Marketing Report, Internet Marketing Information

INTERNET MARKETING INFORMATION

NETWORKING

SCAMS, FRAUDS

FAKE E CARDS

HOLIDAY RENTALS

DROP SHIP

One of the first things you should do is check the government regulations that effect Internet marketing. Two of the main regulation deals with e mails. You can only send out your offer to persons who have contacted you about your offer or (a one time only) persons who have contact you with their offer.

You are required to enclose in all your e mails, your e mail address, your business address and phone. If you will be using a autoresponder you are required to have a unsubscribe link, so persons who may have contacted to receive your offers, newsletter, etc. can click on and have their name removed from your list.

It is also very important to remember if you join a MLM as a affiliate the firm you are marketing for meet the regulations, as you too could be charged if they make outrages claims about their product, how much money can be made etc.

The FTC enters Internet, telemarketing, identity theft and other fraud-related complaints into Consumer Sentinel, a secure, online database available to hundreds of civil and criminal law enforcement agencies in the U.S.

and abroad.

Get your own website, avoid the free ones offered by MLM’s. Don’t be restricted to one firm’s product with a free website.

With a free web site you would have no chance of being listed on the search engines, as there would be hundreds of web sites with the same offers. All you are doing is working for free, paying for advertisements for someone else’s products. If there was some product you wanted to sell from a MLM firm, you can join as a reseller and place just the product you want to handle on your website.

NETWORKING

You didn’t learn it at school, or at the office.

Would you believe your mother?

Networking is more then shaking hands, and giving out business cards. Forget about the endless networking skills you may have learned at the office. We just have to put the few lessons mother taught us into practice. As a kid we were always in a hurry to find something better. Our mothers taught us patience.

If your in a hurry you miss the value that can be built taking time with building relations in networking. Establishing a relationship by taking time, gives you a solid framework in networking building.

Your mother worked hard as an example. This is one of the better examples in networking she gave you. That’s why it is called networking, not sit work. For networking to be successful you have to work hard and put out the effort.

Remember her telling you to share your things with others? Some of our best resources are time, money, and information we are willing to give to the relationship. They appreciate us when we are willing to give to the relationship.

She always made you clean up after yourself. In networking, follow-up is required. Whether it’s a promise to meet someone, or just a thank you is one of the most important lessons of networking. These life lessons we learned from mother during childhood are a solid basis’s for strong networking skills.
Thank you mother for all your help.

The biggest time spend in selling, more so in mail order or on the Internet is developing a relationship with your customer and building trust. If you did a good job in the first two, closing a sale will take the smallest of your time spend with your customer.

SCAMS, FRAUDS

Fake e cards.
You get a message with a link to an online greeting card but, when you click it, you end up with a virus on your PC. A couple of simple rules here. Delete any messages that come from someone you don’t know or that don’t address you by name. If they come from someone you know, email that person to check that they sent it before clicking on.

HOLIDAY RENTALS

2009 has seen a surge in ads offering bogus vacation rentals. You pay a deposit or even in full to get a key and that’s the last you hear of them. Scammers are experts at creating phoney look-alike sites where you land after mistyping an address or by clicking on a link supplied in the e mail or ad. Always type in the URL and don’t just click on the link.

DROP SHIPPERS
You can get products to sell via e bay or/and your website by using the services of a drop shipper. A reliable drop shipper will not ask you for a fee. They will allow you to copy pictures of the products they sell. Prices are about half you would pay for retail.

When writing articles to directories, we are not allowed to list URL’s for places to go for free information, such as drop shippers, ebay, and other places. If your interested you can go to our website and in our archives there is over 2 years of free Internet information listing with URL’s. My website is listed in the article source at the bottom of this article.

If you have a website they will allow you to move any listing on their site to yours. You set your price on the product/s you transfer. When an order comes in place the order they will ship it out for you under your shipping label and not include any of their material.

A good way to promote is join as an affiliate, transfer a couple specials onto your site, with a link back to your affiliate page. The cost of setting up a web site is minimum. Check out my website archive for drop ship firms. Transfer a couple specials onto your site, with a link back to your affiliate page. The cost of setting up a web site is minimum. Check out my website archive for drop ship firms.

Disclaimer:
The Author of this article is not responsible for accuracy or completeness nor shall he be held liable for any damage or loss arising out of or in any way related to the information or utilization of it.

Clinical explanation of Bronchiectasis

Permanent dilatation and distortion of the bronchi is called bronchiectasis. What is it’s effect to human health?

Etiology and Pathogenesis:

Most of the cases of bronchiectasis result from acquired causes.

• Obstruction to the bronchus due to any cause leads to distal collapse of the pulmonary segment. The pull on the bronchi by the collapsed alveoli leads to dilatation of the bronchi. In the initial stages this is reversible and the bronchi regain their normal size when the lung expands. If the obstruction persists, accumulation of mucus occurs distally, infection supervenes and the bronchial wall is destroyed permanently.

This results in permanent dilatation. The infective organisms are streptococci, pneumococci, Klebsiella, and anaerobes.

• Bronchiectasis may follow several viral infections without passing through the obstructive phase.

• Congenital defects in the bronchial wall lead to bronchiectasis. The classical example is Kartagener’s syndrome, which is characterized by dextrocardia, sinusitis, and defects of ciliary function in the bronchi and non-motile sperms.

• Middle lobe bronchiectasis is a sequel to pulmonary tuberculosis. This is caused by obstruction to the middle lobe bronchus by tuberculous glands. This is called “middle lobe syndrome” or “Block’s syndrome”.

Clinical features:

The clinical picture is very chronic, extending over several years.

The common site of lesion is the left lower lobe. Though children may be affected, usually symptoms manifest in early adulthood or middle age. Males are affected more than females. Digital clubbing is a prominent sign, sometimes being associated with hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy.

Postural cough with the production of large quantities of purulent and foul smelling sputum is the presenting complaint in most cases. On keeping for sometime, the sputum settles into 3 layers as described under lung abscess. Hemoptysis may occur frequently. This may be mild or severe. Recurrent infections such as pneumonia may develop. Repeated affection of the same lobe or segment should suggest the possibility of underlying bronchiectasis. Bronchiectasis sicca is the condition in which bronchiectasis presents with mild or severe hemoptysis without purulent sputum.

Physical examination may reveal impairment of the percussion note and diminution of respiratory sounds over the presence of coarse, persistent leathery rales. At times bronchiectasis may present with one of its complications. These include massive hemoptysis, recurrent pneumonia, emphysema, septicemia brain abscess, and cor pulmonale. Anemia develops in long standing cases due to chronic sepsis and recurrent hemoptysis. In untreated cases secondary amyloidosis may develop.

Diagnosis:

Bronchiectasis should be diagnosed by the long history, presence of clubbing, postural cough, coarse leathery rales over the affected part and reasonably normal general health. Once established, bronchiectasis is not curable by medical treatment.

Differential diagnosis

Bronchiectasis should be distinguished from chronic bronchitis and emphysema, lung abscess, tuberculosis, congenital cystic disease of the lung and malignancy. Lung abscess generally develops acutely. The right lower lobe is affected more often and the signs are localized. Tuberculosis is more common in the upper lobes and clubbing is not prominent in uncomplicated cases. Features like digital clubbing and copious sputum are seen in tuberculous bronchiectasis. Cystic disease is not uncommon. All age groups are affected. A long history or recurrent respiratory disease is present in the majority of cases. Clubbing is not prominent. The cysts may be localized or generalized. Clinical distinction from bronchiectasis is difficult. The presence of cysts in other organs like the kidneys, liver, etc, suggests the probability of congenital cystic disease of the lung. X-ray reveals the presence of soap bubble-like or ring shadows.

Diagnosis is confirmed by bronchography. This procedure is absolutely essential for determining the extent and type of bronchiectasis. Plain X-ray of the chest is not a reliable investigation to assess the site and extent of bronchiectasis.

Management

General measures include high protein diet, treatment of intercurrent infections, and removal of focal sepsis from the upper respiratory tract. Principles of specific therapy include postural drainage, administration of antibodies, respiratory exercises and in selected cases surgical excision. Postural drainage helps in clearing the bronchi and brings about relief. The patient should be instructed to practice postural drainage regularly. This gives relief of cough and also the foul smell. The fetid odor of the breath can be controlled by administering steam inhalations containing tincture benzoin or eucalyptus oil. The choice of antibiotic is determined by microbiological studies. Intermittent antibiotic therapy is required to clear infection and prevent exacerbation. The site of lesion may have to be excised if medical treatment fails.

Indications for surgery:

The following are the indications for surgery.

• The disease is localized to one lung or one segment and is not amenable to medical therapy.
• Socio-economic factors such as non-compliance by the patient
• Uncontrollable hemoptysis in which the site of origin of blood may be detected by emergency bronchoscopy and surgical resection has to be planned;
• To reduce the area of infection-even in bilateral disease sometimes surgical resection may have to be done on the more affected side, with a view to reducing the surface area of infection; and
• To remove an obstructive lesion which tends to perpetuate the condition, eg, bronchial growth or bronchostenosis?

I am Funom Theophilus Makama. I advertise through writing. As a platinum expert Author, I write lots of articles and hence promote interested websites, companies, groups, organizations, and communities through publishing and distributing my articles

The Automotive Industry Marketing Plan

The auto industry is one of the largest industries in the world. It includes dealers, service shops for repair and body work, parts suppliers, insurance companies and even towing companies just to name a few. All areas of the auto industry share a common interest and that is cars. The interest in the auto industry has done nothing but increase over the years and all areas of the industry are learning to implement new marketing techniques in order to gain their customers attention.

Promotional products have been proven to be very effective marketing tools for businesses within the auto industry. Repair tools, key chains, safety tools, road side kits and many other promotional products that boast the company’s name or logo can not only be useful to the consumer but can be very effective in gaining more business for the company.

Tow companies often use roadside kits as a promotional part of their marketing campaign and it works. Think about the times of accidents, emergencies or break downs and that feeling of desperation while wondering who you should call. When you reach for the bag in your trunk that supplies your road side safety and emergency supplies and the logo of a towing company is clearly printed with a number for assistance, who else would you call? Many companies offer elaborate kits while others offer simple ones, the effectiveness of the advertising in those situations are not easily compared so there is no real proof that creating a kit complete with jumper cables and hazard signals works any better than one with road flares and a few simple tools.

Insurance companies and parts suppliers can also benefit from this promotional method of advertising. Any event that requires assistance will cause the driver to look for items they already possess in their vehicle to rectify the situation at hand and with those items and the contact information that is the number that will 9 times out of 10 be used.

Branding is another great way to use promotional advertising within the auto industry. When people take great lengths to accessorize or customize their vehicles they often want to show off the brands that they used. By incorporating engraved key chains, branded licensed plates and other accessories that sport the company brand or logo will be a great way to grab the attention of admirers. When consumers see the vehicle looking great and your company brand is located on it you will get the majority of the credit and they of course will come to you for all of their customization needs.

Parts suppliers and service garages often use tools as part of their promotional advertising campaign. This is due to the fact that when a vehicle breaks down or is in need of service or maintenance those tools that are on standby with the company logo on it will often be the reminder for the consumer to contact that company for their parts or service needs. You can use anything from flashlights, tire gauges to multi set tool kits to offer the advertising that you need to get that customer in your door.

Car rental companies do provide dinner for toddlers, but will you look for it?

Of course, those of us with a good credit score can rent an RV and cook whenever we need food for the toddlers. That way, we can always take the emerging food preferences into account without undue waste and expense. It’s the same if we decide to go the route of camping. We can either pick the sites with cooking facilities or carry our own gas rings. Remember starting real fires in the middle of our current hot summer is not likely to endear us to Park Rangers and others trying to prevent wildfires from starting. So this gives you a shopping list of possible makes and models to shop for at the car rental agencies if you propose carrying outdoor cooking equipment.

Otherwise you load the people into the vehicle and set off into the wild blue yonder, full of the joys of the road and hope in your hearts. Those of you with toddlers will know they are just learning about the world and beginning to take some control over how they relate to it. One of the first symptoms of toddler control comes in emerging taste preferences. This is not to say any child should have a say over what gets put on the plate, but practical reality may call for some negotiation over how much is eaten. Most children go through phases of being picky. Many never seem to emerge from this phase. If you’re lucky, the child will only eat something available at every diner or restaurant. This may be macaroni cheese which has the benefit of being relatively cheap and nutritious, or it may be junk food which will encourage faster growth around the waist. Either way, you need food storage in the vehicle you rented so that, if there’s a mutiny and all outside food is refused, you can fall back on snacks when the real hunger kicks in.

Hopefully, the car rental companies offered guidance on the diners and restaurants offering child-friendly portions at reasonable price. If not, spend time on the internet searching out the likely places to eat. Never assume all diners will cater for your toddlers.

The Best Dental Products for any Office

When you have your own dental business then there are supplies that you go through a regular basis and that need to be replenished. Fusion Dental is a company that you can find online that sells the very best Dental Products that you can find. Fusion is an awesome company because the have the best products but they are also continuing to improve and create new products. They want all dentists to be able to get the very best quality products at the very best price. They have some awesome innovations so it is possible to bring in new products every year.

Some of the Dental Products that can be found at Fusion are called fusion alginate, angle, bite, burs and much more. They have all the products that a dentist may need to create impressions and they also have great topical anesthetic gel. All of the products that they have are made to work for any and all of the patients needs. Along with all the products that a dentist may need for a patients teeth and impressions then they also carry drills. In order to be a great dentist then it is important to have the best products available.

Becoming a dentist is a lot of work and in order to become a success then it is necessary to take care of your clients. A good dentist wants to have the best products and they don’t want to run out of things. Fusion dental is a great company because they are easy to order products from. Ordering online is simple and they guarantee most of their products. Along with dental equipment they also carry all the cleansing products to keep your equipment sanitary. If you have a dental office, then make sure to buy the best products from Fusion.

When you take the time and the commitment to become a dentist then you are committing yourself for life. There are so many things that have to be done to keep a dentist office running smoothly and Dental Products are a big part of that. If you truly want to have satisfied patients, then you have to make sure to buy top quality products and to have plenty of them on hand. When you order online at Fusion then you can get everything that you need. It is really simple to order and they have wonderful customer service.

Think differently when marketing your medical practice

In terms of marketing a medical practice, many physicians feel that several newspaper ads or billboards could have customers flocking to their office. Although they of selling may go healthcare communications to attract people for a while, it isn’t really enough to build an effective, thriving medical practice.

Marketing any adverse health care practice starts with your overall patients. These patients clients are already informed about the sort of care that you provide. One method for you to provide value for your patients while marketing your medical practice is always to send a monthly newsletter with health advice and tips. You’ll be able to send this newsletter via direct mail or you can get contact information from a patients and send the newsletter via email.

How we treat every single one of your respective current patients is really one of the many factors in having an effective medical practice that takes the long-term. The higher quality of care that you provide, the more likely they may be to keep loyal to you.

A really successful doctor in Sydney, Australia holds a yearly party for his patients in addition to their guests. He rents space in the local park and it has various activities create like mountain climbing, face painting and inflatable jumpers for him or her, plus he orders food for everybody.

People need to feel appreciated. Building relationships depending on genuine care could keep people returning every time they need your help. When you go the extra mile for the kids, they’ll go the extra mile for you. Sure, there may be other medical suppliers that offer medical marketing look after less and still have offices better your patients’ homes, however when you offer great service, people are willing to drive a bit farther to have that great service.

The internet has opened up numerous avenues so that you can advertise your medical practice. Nowadays most people do research the world wide web before buying a medical care practitioner, so it is in your best interest to examine marketing on the internet.

One method for you to advertise your medical practice on the web is to build a website and hire a web marketing firm to acquire clients searching the net for health care practitioners in the area.

A different way to market on the web is to start out your blog and talk about your medical practice. You may also write websites on almost anything in connection with the medical services you offer or provide advice for readers. Share this blog along with your current patients and encourage them to share your site with their friends and family.

1 / 3 method for you to advertise your medical practice on the web is to get involved with online community marketing websites like Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, etc. Most online community you can hunt for people in the area. If your patients are on these social media sites, invite these phones connect with you online.

Great patient care, providing value, and staying associated with your patients will make sure that you’ve a successful medical practice for quite some time to come.

Publishing Industry Jobs

As recently as five to seven years ago, careers in the publishing industry were actually limited because of the small number of existing publishing houses, and the majority of those have been privately owned for generations and remain so today. However, many opportunities exist in the publishing industry because of the new innovative technology that has arisen out of the Internet.

Probably the most obvious job within the publishing industry is that of an author. The second most well known or recognized job outside of the publishing industry is that of a literary agent, and the third is editor.

Authors write the material or texts that are to be published. They submit their work to literary agents who forward the work onto the editors of publishing companies. Sometimes authors will forward their work directly onto the editor, foregoing the agent who will take a percentage cut of the author’s paycheck.

If the author is really lucky, the editor will call him directly with a job.

One of the problems is letting go of out-dated thinking and processes. While some places may have a ‘top-down’ problem, others have leadership that actually do think in terms of the 21st century and new media opportunities. But they are most likely the exception. Part of the problem is one of a slow-to-change work culture.

There are many (great) veteran editors and sales people in publishing companies near and far that have held on tightly to the same way of doing things; editors used to only have to work on a print version of a magazine and sales made fairly easy commissions on recurring print advertising. Now editors frequently have several outlets to satisfy (print, web, podcast interviews, webcasts and, yes, videos) while sales people have to sell sponsorships for these new content vehicles. Sales people also need to understand these new technologies to convincingly sell them.

Thepeople working in desktop publishing use a computer software in order to produce and format publication material. They basically use numbers, text and data to prepare the publication material. The publication material can range from newsletters, newspapers to magazines and books.

There is a huge demand for people in the desktop publishing industry. In fact the statistics show that about 4 out of 10 desktop publishing professionals work in various newspapers, books, periodicals and directories. Every 1 professional out of 4 work in the printing industry and other related activities.

The statistics also show that employment figures are also expected to grow faster in the near future.The jobs are easily accessible for people with a certificate or degree. To receive a degree you can get a training from an accredited vocational school or college. The time that you’ll have to invest in order to get a certificate in desktop publishing is not much, in fact it in about a year, what it takes to get yourself a desktop publishing certificate.

There are other lesser known jobs in the publishing industry other than author, agent, editor, and publisher. One of these lesser known jobs is that of author publicist. The publicist takes the published book, the author, and puts together a public relations campaign that goes beyond simply marketing. If the author is a growing phenomenon, chances are that the publicist can be seen right beside the author during book tours.

Modern Bathroom Renovation Ideas

If you are getting a bathroom renovation then this is one of the very best ways to transform your home and make it look like a show home or a home of tomorrow. The bathroom is one of the rooms that is the quickest to date and which often looks the most out of place. At the same time it is one of the rooms (like the kitchen) where you spend a lot of time and where there are a lot of features that can be updated to look more modern. By smartly choosing your bathroom renovation features you can make it a feature rich experience that looks and feels modern and that at the same time is even more of a joy to use.

The first idea for modern bathroom renovations that is an absolute must is to get a walk in shower. Walk in showers are basically shower cubicles that are not elevated off the ground and that are often inside a glass enclosure.

You can use these easily by walking in and you will be surrounded by light as it comes in through the glass. This means that the first and most impressive benefit of these kinds of showers is that you won’t feel at all claustrophobic – in fact you are likely to feel very spacious and this makes it easier to relax and makes it feel more natural. At the same time you will find that walk in shower enclosures are easier in many ways to keep clean etc. This is because there is no shower screen which can leak water and because you won’t need to step in and out of them and that makes it much easier.

There are other factors that can improve your shower too. For instance, why not get extra jets that can spray you from different angles. These are normally synonymous with spa retreats, but modern innovation has meant that they’re now cheap enough that we can afford them in our own home and enjoy the feeling of powerful blasts of water coming from every angle on our back. At the same time this will often be enough to help us to clean other areas that often get forgotten so it also improves hygiene.

What’s more common these days though is to have jets in the bath and this way you have created a spa tub in your bathroom. The bubbles create a highly relaxing sound, improve your bubble bath and massage your muscles into relaxation making them perfect for relaxing in after a long day and they are of course another feature that will make your bathroom seem very modern and all-singing and dancing.

Another option is to have a glass sink. This won’t change the effectiveness of the sink, but it will make it look very modern and it can almost be like an optical illusion at times when completely clean as it looks as though there is just a semi circle of water floating in the bathroom. If you also have a glass shower enclosure then you’ll find that the two match.

PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.